Country & History

Persian Literature

Contact Us

Art Arena

Arts & Crafts

Site Map

Visitor's Book



Previous Page


The Medes and The Achaemenians

Next Page

Around the 8th century BC a provincial form of art, combining local Persian features with those of Assyria and Urartu (eastern Turkey and Soviet Armenia) evolved in the north-west corner of Persia, in the district anciently called Mannai, west of Lake Urumia.

A splendid collection of gold, bronze and ivory objects were found in 1947 at Ziwiyeh (Sakkiz), right on the border of Azerbaijan and Kurdistan. It is particularly significant because it also contains elements, which seem to be the earliest examples of Scythian art.

Golden bracelet; treasures of Ziwiyeh

Golden bracelet decorated with two pairs
of lion cubs lying face to face.
From the treasures of Ziwiyeh; 7th century BC.

An eagle's head made of gold; treasures of Ziwiyeh

An eagle's head made of gold;
buried during the 7th century BC in the course
of a Scythian assault on Azerbaijan.


A Golden stag, from Kostromskaya, Scythian

A Golden stag, from Kostromskaya, Scythian, 7th - 6th century BC.
The smoothly curved sections divided by sharp ridges
have no counterpart among Luristan bronzes, yet
the way the antlers have been elaborated into abstract
openwork ornament, betrays a similar feeling for form.

In the 7th century BC Mannai crumbled before the advances of the Scythians who had previously occupied Urartu and the area around Lake Van. When the Scythians arrived in Persia, they enriched their own art with the cultures they encountered, and the influences of Luristan and Urartu appears as one the most important components in their art.

Scythian art remained, and continued to be profoundly attached to its subjects - the stag, the feline, and the bird.


Persian Art Through The Centuries

Return to top

Persian History

Persian Art
Through The Centuries

Top of page

Persian History
Iran before the Iranians

Copyright© 1999 K. Kianush, Art Arena